Day 1: your guide will meet you at the Tashkent airport and accompanies you in Tashkent city, where you will have breakfast at the hotel and rest. City tour of the day: "New Tashkent TV Tower" - the highest in Central Asia - 375 m., "Memorial to the victims of revenge" - a memorial and a museum complex, "Monument courage" - the epicenter of Tashkent earthquake 1966 ( 1976). Free time. You will spend the night in Uzbekistan.
Day 2: first day of our journey begins with the transfer to Samarkand (315 km, 5 hours) and placement in the hotel. City tour: "Gur Emir mausoleum" - Tamerlan tomb (c. 1415) which has been built for the grandson Muhammad-Sultan Temur and Temurids graves of three others - boys Temur - Ulugbek Miranshah and Shahruh and her grandson. You will spend the night in the capital of Tamerlane's empire.
Day 3: Today we will visit: Siab market, better taste Samarkand bread and fruit, excavations and a museum of the ancient city AFROSIAB, Hoxha Mausoleum Daniyar - legend connects it with 'the Koran and the Bible prophet Daniyar (Дэниел) corpses of whom have been brought here Tamerlan, a memorial complex of Imam Mukhammad workshop prominent Sunni al-Bukhari students. Free time to spend free time. You will spend the night in one of the most ancient cities in the world.
Day 4: After a morning pass amplifying Shakhrisabz - a unique monument of architecture and city planning (90 km, 1.5 hours). Tour Shakhrisabz: the ruins of "Ak-Saray Palace" - Tamerlan summer residence, which has shocked the imagination of contemporaries (c 1415), "Jahongir Mausoleum" - mausoleum of the top boy and Tamerlan's favorite. You will spend the night in Samarkand.
Day 5: After breakfast amplifying pass through the village Yangigazgan yurt camp (260 km, 4 hours). Traditional Kazakh yurtas agreement with all necessary equipment: spirits, etc. kitchen dinner. Test sand landscapes, flora and fauna Kyzil-Kum desert. Learn how the evening went to the camel. A dinner tour on fire with Kazakh songs. You will spend the night in the traditional style of Silk Road.
Day 6: Lake Aydarkul Engine. Лов fish, picnicking. Not. Eat a fried fish dinner caught from the lake. Yurtas return. A journey of a camel or a relaxing atmosphere for the peace of the wilderness. You will spend the night in yurtas under the desert sky star.
Day 7: Breakfast. Motor to Bukhara (270 km, 4 hours) through Nurata (direct transfer from the Persian language in English, "Nur-OTA" means "Father Luchej"). During Sarmish Canyon in order to see the stone gallery петроглифов Bronze Age. A free time to rest and going through the old streets of Bukhara. One of the "1000 and 1 night" in Bukhara.
Day 8: Today, our city tour: Samanids mausoleum - the oldest building of brick in Central Asia, a masterpiece of world architecture (910 c), Chashma Ayub mausoleum belonging to respect "find places" the left, the sacred (c 14). Legend says that once the prophet of the Bible Work (Ayub) visited this place. You will spend the night in quiet and convenient hotel to Bukhara.
Day 9: After an amplifying the coach trip one morning to Khiva via Kizil-Kum along Trailer permit (480 km, hours 5-7). A box dinner in a local way to "Shavkat" coffee. Arrival in Khiva - the unique "open air museum" in Central Asia which has been kept fully up to date. Agreement at the hotel is located within or near "iChat-Qala" - the historical center of Khiva which has been written in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. You will spend the night in Khiva.
Day 10: Today, our city tour of a complex architectural tour of Khan lock - internal iChat citadel-Qala. Ensemble consists of at least medressa Khiva and a minaret which is the main platform height of 45 m. and is higher after the alert in a city. A leisure in your leisure. You will spend the night in Khiva.
Day 11: After breakfast transfer amplifying Urgench airport (35 km, 30 minutes) for the morning flight HY Tashkent in 1052 in 09:20. Arrival in Tashkent at 10:50 at the hotel. City tour Tashkent tour "New Tashkent TV Tower" - the highest in Central Asia - 375 m., "Memorial to the victims of reprisal" - in a memorial and a museum complex, "Monument courage" - the epicenter of the 1966 Tashkent earthquake (1976 y). A farewell dinner in traditional Uzbek restaurant. You will spend the night in Tashkent.
Day 12: Last day of our trip will end with tour tour Tashkent city. Time off to go tour Tashkent, its beautiful squares and fountains to see, visit museums and galleries, and Undergtour Tashkent - one of the most beautiful in the world. Turnover in the home.
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 01
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 02
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 03
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 04
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 05
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 06
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 07
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 08
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 09
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 10
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 11
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 12
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 13
Uzbekistan trips and tours: Tour 14
Ghaznavid dynasty, founded by the cruel ruler of Afghanistan, captured Khorezm, Mahmud of Ghazni, was soon defeated the Seljuk Turks. Defeat is not great problem - the main thing to keep the gains. In the Seljuk it happened not too successful. Constant skirmishes with Carakitaiy made their position very shaky. This helped Khorezm win their independence, and served as the emergence of new rulers - Khorezmshahs. They briefly took off the top of the political Olympus - Khorezm Shah Tekesh freed from the power of the Seljuks, and his successor, Muhammad stole Karakitais Samarkand and Bukhara, stretched out his possessions over Afghanistan and part of Iran, and even invaded the Caucasus. And it had appointed a successor Iskandar Zulkarnayna ... But then came the Mongols.
In the history of Maverranahra been more devastating invasion than the invasion of the Golden Horde, led by Genghis Khan. The Mongols razed to the ground blooming oases captured Samarkand and Bukhara, the inhabitants driven away into slavery. Economy and culture collapsed. Genghis Khan divided his possessions among the heirs, but could not prevent the civil wars that started after his death. Maverranahr long lost in the smoke of fires, war and destruction.
Combined land an outstanding talented military leader, and strategist - Amir Timur. He created a vast empire that stretched from China to Asia Minor.
The capital of the empire Timur made Samarkand, by his order in Samarkand were built magnificent mosques, madrassas and mausoleums are still affecting our imagination. When Amir Timur again began to grow and prosper craft trade. Timur was needed immutable order in the country, he severely repressed all attempts at rebellion, for one purpose - to make his empire strong and invincible. During the war of "all against all" it was important to preserve the independence of their state. Slavery for his people Timur could not afford.
In discussing the organization of regional authorities the Congress was divided into two main groups. The first group represented by the combined Social Democrats, believed that the government should consist of representatives of the Council of Soldiers', Workers' and Peasants' Deputies, municipal governments and Muslims, and the second group (the Bolsheviks and the Socialist-Revolutionaries maximalists) argued that regional authorities should be established to model of the Soviet government in Russia. The implication was that Turkestan should manage the Council of People's Commissars, which is formed from the Bolsheviks, Left Socialist Revolutionaries (no Muslims and representatives of city governments that supported the interim government).
The congress elected a new supreme body of the region: the Council of People's Commissars of 15, he became chairman of the Bolshevik F.Kole-owls. In the formation of the CPC, it was decided not to allow representatives of the local Muslim population on the pretext that "the current attraction of Muslims in the highest marginal organs of revolutionary power is not acceptable in view of complete uncertainty relations of the native population to the government soldiers, workers and peasants' deputies, and because of that among the native population is not of the proletarian class organizations, of which the supreme power organ of the faction would be welcomed. "
Thus, the political nature of the colonialist was assigned to the new Soviet power in Turkestan.
12 - A railway connecting Lanzhou to Urumqi was a border of Kazakhstan, 12 September 1990 which eventually joins the former Soviet railway network expanded and is an important route to the new republics and beyond. This Eurasian continental bridge was built to compete in the Trans-Siberian railway, built in the city of Lianyungang in Jiangsu Province (the east China coast) to Rotterdam, the first phase of this development has been completed and the official opening was the railroad, was 1 in December 1992. It has been promised for at least 20% cheaper than the road to the sea, and 11,000 km, much shorter. Route from China to Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus and Poland before Germany and the Netherlands. The double-tracking of the Lanzhou train at the border of the CIS have established the Chinese development priority list.
Restoration and tourism
Because of the intervention of interest in the West rose last century in this ancient trade route. He has written books in stone, Hedin and other perceived mystery of the east-west route taken in public consciousness. Instilled a romantic ideals as following in the footsteps of Marco Polo, a rapidly growing number of people interested in visiting the abandoned. Since China opened its doors to foreign tourists in the late 1970s, he realized how much foreign currency can be brought into the country by tapping the tourism potential. This has prompted the authorities to do their utmost to protect the rest of the page, restoring much of the site is currently underway. The Mogao Grottoes in the first place is likely to attract attention from the Dunhuang Research Institute will continue to study and preserve the caves, as well as what to leave out of the library. The restoration process, which was to prevent a specific special addition to further reductions in the caves, and some of the murals tapping into a team of specially trained artists and craftsmen.
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