Tour operator Uzbekistan

Tour operator Uzbekistan: Tour 01
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Tour operator Uzbekistan: Tour 14

 

      3. Political processes in Bukhara and Khiva in 1917-1920

      On the eve of October revolution of 1917 political conditions in the former protectorates of Russian empire-Bukhara emirate and Khivan khanate - were extremely difficult. This time is characterised by sharp opposition between correcting hanskoj elite and the higher, conservative clergy of Bukhara and Khiva, on the one hand, and local dzhadidami - reformers (mladobuhar-tsami and mladohivintsami), with another.

      The politized part local dzhadidov during this period puts forward the program of reforms in which basis the idea of transformation Bukhara emirata and Khivan khanate in constitutional monarchies laid. The emir of Bukhara Sajid Alimhan and the governor of Khivan khanate - Asfandijarhan, under the pressure of confidants have started in pursuit dzhadidov and their supporters. Not having a wide social support in the countries, leaders mladobuhartsev and mladohivintsev (F.Hodzhaev, U.Pulathodzhaev, A.Muhitdinov, P.Jusupov, etc.) have been compelled to search to themselves for-allies outside of Bukhara and Khiva and, first of all, in territory former Turkestani the general of a-governorship.

      After October revolution of 1917 process dis-tantsirovanija Bukhara and Khiva from the Soviet Turkestan and rapprochement of these states with Afghanistan, Iran and England has begun. In Khiva and Bukhara preparation for possible war with Councils was conducted.